The Pros and Cons of Urbanization

urbanization-pros-and-cons

As times change and more and more people begin to pay attention to what politicians have to say and what they are offering the country, it becomes all the more important for you to understand what is being offered, how it can affect you, and how it will affect everyone else around you.

As you learn more about politics, you will realize that there are a lot of different issues that people will choose to address. In a time where the idea of overpopulation is becoming a reality, a lot of people are beginning to give more thought to the idea of urbanization. There are many pros and cons to urbanizing an area, and it is important to understand the extent that these pros and cons go. After all, when it comes time for you to vote on policies, it is important for you to understand what you are voting for.

This means that, before you begin to decide what your thoughts are on a subject that is as important as urbanization, you are first going to want to understand everything there is to this field.

From what exactly urbanization means, to how it can affect the people around you, you should learn about both the good and the bad sides of this process. This will help you form a well-rounded opinion on whether you believe that urbanization is worth the cons, or whether the benefits are not enough.

What Is Urbanization?

First things first, you will need to have a good understanding of what exactly urbanization means, involves, and how it works. By definition, urbanization is the process of turning areas of land into cities by concentrating people into a smaller, more condensed area.

Quite literally, urbanization refers to the process of making an area into an urban environment. Typically, the end goal of urbanization is to turn the current area into a full-fledged city of its own, but there are other reasons why people may choose to urbanize a particular area.

It is also important to keep in mind that different countries will have their own definitions of what is considered an “urban” environment. Countries that have a higher population are going to consider smaller cities not a part of urbanization that other, smaller countries would. For example, in the United States, “urban” refers to an area where there are at least 2,500 people living there. The United States has well over 300 million people. By comparison, Peru considers areas that have more than 100 houses to be “urban” areas. Peru has a population just over 30 million.

When all is said and done, no matter how many people are needed for an area to be considered urban, the concept is still the same. Urbanization still remains the process of people moving together and converging to create the foundations of a city.

How Does Urbanization Affect Everyone?

Urbanization has played a key role throughout all of history. From the very beginning of when people began colonizing other countries, urbanization was beginning, even if there wasn’t quite a term for it yet.

The process of urbanization has countless effects on not only the people, but the entire world around the area. For the people, there will be more job opportunities, easier public transportation, and more opportunities for socialization.

For the environment, so many buildings so close together can lead to large changes in the environment, with the most common change being deforestation to make room for more towns. Urbanization is a process that can, and will, affect everyone that is involved in it.

Urbanization is also a process that takes a long time to really happen. After all, people simply cannot just pack up their belongings and move to a new location en masse. Instead, urbanization happens like a slow burn, as more and more people choose to build houses in a specific environment and slowly turning it into its own city.

Now that you know a little bit more about what urbanization is and how it can affect people, it will be important for you to think about the urbanization pros and cons so that you can form your own opinion on whether or not you support the idea of more urbanization.

What Are the Benefits of Urbanization?

There are many, many benefits to urbanization that have propelled the world forward as civilization has advanced, and people believe that there are more benefits to come as people keep making advances in science and technology.

For instance, one of the major benefits of urbanization is that everything becomes more efficient. Transportation and better road care helps people get to where they need to go more easily, basic needs such as electricity, water, and sewage are often included with home purchases, and if they are not, they are incredibly easy to obtain. With more people able to work nearby, a lot more work can get done as people will not often have to worry about commutes that take more than a few hours. This improves work efficiency as well.

The economy can also improve, as more people are spending money on research advancements and as space becomes more expensive. A lot of people consider the economic effects of urbanization to be a good thing.

Additionally, good urbanization can lead to people finding others more easily, allowing people to create groups of friends without having to go far out of their ways. This can improve social lives, which will improve mental health, which will help improve the quality of work that you do. From the concentration of resources in urbanized areas to the higher-quality services offered by more densely populated areas, there are many reasons why people consider urbanization to be a good thing.

What Are the Cons of Urbanization?

There are also plenty of downsides to so many people living in such a small space. One example of this is the fact that houses can become overcrowded and there may be more people without a home who wander the streets.

If there isn’t enough room for everyone to have a space during the urbanization process, it can mean that more people have to make do with less than acceptable circumstances. It also means that areas with a low income are going to grow larger, meaning that there will be a greater disparity between people who have the money to support themselves in an urban environment and there will be people who have to live on the streets.

Trying to meet your needs in a city where hundreds of thousands of others are doing the same can be difficult, especially if you do not have the resources to sustain yourself.

When there are more people living in a crowded area together, the pollution is only going to end up getting worse. If you are someone who cares about the environment and wants to do what you can to protect it, you may want to consider standing against urbanization.

Urbanization leads to numerous problems with increasing the pollution in the air, leading to smog and reduced air quality. These are just a few of the things that you will need to think about when you are considering whether or not you want to support the ideals of someone who believes in urbanization.